The Moscow International Film Festival is one of the oldest in the world. For the first time it was held in 1935 with Sergei Eisenstein as chairman of the Jury. Nevertheless the Festival history is usually traced back to 1959, when it became a regular event. It is noteworthy that the Festival was reborn in the 1960s during the so called “period of thaw”, when film industry experienced an influx of filmmakers of a new generation whose spiritual experience was shaped by the great victory over fascism. In 1959 the opening ceremony of the first “thaw” Festival was held in the grand Palace of Sports in Luzhniki, Moscow. Chronologically this event coincided with more than the renunciation of the totalitarian path by the leaders of the country, which had only recently been cut off from the West by the Iron Curtain. In the early 1960s Russian cinema alongside world cinema experienced a period of renewal; competition and out-of-competition programs of the MIFF featured the names of foreign filmmakers who re-invented the very notion of cinema in their works, who renounced classical forms, rejected acknowledged classical masters.